Generally there are two types of jambu known, a small jambu (Syzygium aqueum) and large jambu (Syzygium samarangense).
Originally both types of jambu are not much different. Little jambu is estimated to come from the region of Southeast Asia, while large jambu is native to Indonesia. In the early 20th century, this plant has been cultivated in several other countries, such as Jamaica, Suriname, Curacao Islands, Aruba, and Bonaire. And at this moment, jambu has been widely grown and developed in other countries such as India, Thailand, China, countries of Central America, and South America. Mekarsari jambu collection is very diverse, including Citra, Lilin Hijau, Lilin Merah, Sukaluyu, Camplong, Madura, Irung Petruk, and much more. Location of jambu garden in Mekarsari located in several places, the area of Canal Citra, fruit garden area of blocks C and Biosari laboratory area.
Superior Jambu : Jambu Citra
Superior jambu called Jambu Thailand actually has a real name of Jambu Citar. Founded by Dr. Ir. Moh. Reza Tirtawinata (one of the expert staff at Mekarsari Fruit Garden, Bogor) in 1990 in Anyer, Banten. This variety has been released as the lead national fruit and it is superior jambu varieties than most other types of jambu. The advantage lies in the figure of a large fruit resembles a bell and can reach weights 250 gram per fruit, with a shiny red fruit color. Fruit flesh thick, soft, sweet taste (12 – 15 °Brix) and seedless. This jambu was brought to Thailand in 1999 and began to be widely cultivated. They call it by the name of Thong Sam Sie, which means three-color gold. Until now this varieties is the supreme variety there. Now Jambu Citra have also been widely planted in other countries such as Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia as well of course.
Jambu for Health
Jambu have a good and enough nutrient composition. As the name suggests, the main advantages of jambu is high water content, which reached 93 grams per 100 grams. We are encouraged to drink as much as 2 - 3 liters of water per day. The liquid is very important to cleanse the kidneys from the urine acid and urea. Dr. Howard flaks from the United States suggests that the lack of drinking water will make our body fat excess, muscle growth and health less normal, digestion and organ function less efficiently, toxins (impurities) in the body increases and the resulting pain in muscles and joints.
Planting Potted Fruit Plant
Planting is done seven days after growing medium evenly mixed. This grace period is given so growing media with other ingredients mixed and reacted perfectly.
Planting steps :
- Growing media that have been prepared and put up to the height of 1/3 of the depth of the pot.
- Polybag packing seeds removed using scissors or a knife carefully, lest the growing media broke and broken roots.
- Seeds with the soil incorporated into the planting hole to the extent of the root collar.
- The empty space around the seed is filled with growing media up to close to the surface of the pot. Growing media do not get too full, so when watering the water does not spill.
- Once the planting is done, plants watered sufficiently. 6. Plants put into place that is cool and not exposed to direct sunlight, under the pots should be put brick or flat stones for the water runs.
(Source : Buku Tabulampot Jambu Air, Mekarsari)
Fruits are produced in Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and Australia absolutely required wrapping, like starfruit and guava, so does Jambu. These three types of fruit are very susceptible to attack by fruit flies, beetles/borer larvae and anthracnose. The type of material used to wrap the fruit also varied greatly. Ranging from plastic, paper to leaves. For jambu, wrapping materials commonly used plastic. Plastics that used are such as plastic bag and clear plastic bags. Jambu wrapped collectively. One stalk of Jambu contains 3 - 5 fruit, wrapped with a large wrap. At the time of wrapping, then do the fruit sorting at the same time. Sized fruit that is deformed or broken should be discarded. Until just a fruit that is really good to be wrapped.